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Cusco, A Culture To Discover

CUSCO, A CULTURE TO DISCOVER...

The City of Cusco is located in the valley of the Huatanay River, in the southern highlands of Peru. Its name in Quechua, Qosqo, means "Navel" or figuratively, "center" or "meeting point", because from the city of Cusco that was the capital of the Inca empire or Tahuantisuyo a vast network of roads started (Inca Trail ) that was addressed to the four of their "SUYOS" or regions, which made up the 4 parts of the universe in the Andean Cosmo vision. Considered by the Incas "abode of the gods", Cusco is undoubtedly the most fascinating city of the Andes.
The myth tells that the capital Cusco was founded by Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, sons of the Sun God who left Lake Titicaca with the mission of finding a place that might be the center of a great kingdom. The second myth narrates the exploits of four mythical brothers and their respective companions, who left the caves of Pacaritambo and it is indicated that the couple formed by Ayar Manco and Mama Ocllo founded the city. The myth portrays the ritual importance of Cusco, but it forgets its predecessors such as the inhabitants of Marcavalle, Huaura and Chanapata (1000 BC), or the Tiahuanaco - Wari establishments (750 AD) that exerted a marked influence, which becomes visible in the ruins of Piquillacta and Choquepuquio.
Currently, Cusco is one of the most important centers of tourist activity in South America and the world; It is a cosmopolitan city where history beats at every step, where people of all nationalities can be seen, walking between Inca walls, where modern tourist services exist and in which the night turns intensively around restaurants, bars and nightclubs. Cusco, "Archaeological Capital of America", is a city open to the world, which welcomes with open arms the visitors, who observe in wonder its strange aspect, that fuses in a same urban environment and with particular harmony, pre-Columbian monuments like the Koricancha (Temple of the Sun), the Ajlla Wasi, the Amaru Cancha (Serpent's Enclosure), the Kiswar Kancha, among others; with jewels of miscegenation such as the Cathedral, the Church and Convent of La Merced and the Temple of San Blas.

Language: Spanish

Currency: Nuevo Sol. (PEN)

WEATHER

Cusco is under the macro-climatic influence of large masses of air coming from the south eastern jungle, as well as the Peruvian-Bolivian Altiplano winds that are rather cold and dry, like those coming from Patagonia, entering through the south-eastern zone and that generally involve climatic events of a larger scale. On the other hand, the local winds that are generated in its valleys and plains have the function of distributing heat and humidity throughout the day. The average annual temperature fluctuates between 10.3 ° C and 13 ° C (between 50.54 ° and 52.34 ° Fahrenheit); but these temperatures vary according to the area.

FESTIVITIES

Inti Raymi

The celebration of the Inti Raymi is a tradition that reaches our days from the time of the Inca Empire. It has recovered with all its splendor for more than 50 years and each time with more strength and attractiveness. The ancient great Inca city of Cusco is the site of the most striking festival and that attracts a large number of foreign visitors. It is also done in almost all the towns that formed the Old Empire, as in the case of northern Argentina. The Inti Raymi is the tribute that the Peruvian man gives to the Sun and to all nature. This is one of the many religious manifestations of Peru. An excellent representation of the Inti Raymi is the one that takes place in Saqsayhuaman, with the participation of hundreds of people in the ceremony. It is the richest festival of the Inca Empire, which is offered to the world. The Cuzqueño and in general the Peruvian, is a festive town by excellence that has turned the religious celebrations into true popular festivals where ceremonies and cults are so important as: dances, meals, and drinks. For example, there are typical foods that are prepared only for certain parties and the same thing happens with dances. Holy Week, with its processions of Holy Monday and Holy Friday, is the most important festivity in Cusco festivity. To these festivities we must add two that take place in places a little away from Cusco, the Virgen del Carmen in Paucartambo and Qoylloritti, near the town of Ocongate. Both equal in originality and beauty to the city festivities.

                         

Desarollado por Llika